Diabetic Foot Care
It is very important for people with diabetes to take the necessary precautions to prevent foot related injuries that can lead to serious problems. Each day, feet should be washed and dried carefully and inspected for blisters, cuts and scratches, being careful to check in between the toes. Feet should not be exposed to extreme temperatures, such as hot sand or pavement, or even a hot bath, and persons with diabetes should not walk barefooted. The insides of shoes should be inspected daily for foreign objects and rough areas, and it is good to wear socks and shoes without seams. Check with a knowledgeable health care professional about the best treatment for dry feet. Some experts recommend a thin coat of baby oil. Corns and calluses should not be cut or treated with chemical agents by the patient, but rather seen by a physician or podiatrist. Shoes should be properly fitted and comfortable at the time of purchase (i.e., not required to be “broken in”). To reduce the incidence of diabetic foot problems and complications, which can lead to lower leg amputation, Medicare covers the cost of therapeutic shoes and insoles for eligible patients with diabetes.